Soil Scientist


Soil scientists study and analyse the chemical and physical properties and evolution of soil and rocks. They make us of the principles of physics, mathematics and chemistry to study the earth’s surface and its internal composition, and atmospheric, magnetic, electrical and gravitational forces.

What they do:
·         They use sophisticated geophysical instrumentation, log data, and analyse and classify minerals, fossils, precious stones and rocks according to their composition and structure.
·         They locate minerals, oil and gas deposits using seismic technology, which may also reveal unusual underground features which could indicate natural gas or petroleum deposits.
·         Although most soil scientists work in agricultural applications for the purpose of maximising crop yields, other work on conservation applications and in conservation research.
·         They may also search for natural resources to help solves environmental and ecological problems.
Where to study:
Universities: UFS, UCT, UZulu, UKZN, Potch, NMMU, UP, UL
Companies to work for:
Department of Agriculture and Department of Land Affairs, educational institutions, research institutions, mining companies, construction companies, agricultural industry