A Basic Understanding of Engineering Requirements

Branches in Engineering:

There are many branches of Engineering – for example:

  • Agricultural and Topographical Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Chemical and Power Generation Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Civil, Geological and Geographical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering and Town Planning
  • Installation, Maintenance and Repair
  • IT & Telecommunications Engineering
  • Marine and Aeronautical Engineering
  • Mechanical & Automotive Engineering
  • Mechatronics
  • Metal Engineering and Tool Making
  • Mining and Petro-Chemical Extraction


The path from school to TVET …
or … University of Technology … or … University: 


  • Every institution has their OWN requirements.
  • Avoid disappointment – Make sure you understand your institution’s requirements. 


  • The marks below are MINIMUM marks – i.e. To give yourself the best chance, you should aim much higher! 🙂


  • 3 = 40%
  • 4 = 50%
  • 5 = 60%
  • 6 = 70%
  • 7 = 80-100%

All your marks will count – this is called APS (Academic Point Score) and different Universities have different ways of calculating the required entry level.



  • Learners can start taking subjects at school for entry at higher education:
  • REQUIRED: Maths (M) – not Maths Literacy (ML), Physical Science (PS)
  • RECOMMENDED: Civil Technology (CIVT), Electrical Technology (ELECT), Mechanical Technology (MECHT), Engineering Graphics (EGD) 
  • Or if the school does not offer these subjects Computer ApplicationsTechnology (CAT), Information Technology (IT), Agricultural Technology (AT) Accounting (ATT)



(Example: College of Cape Town)

  • Students can start Engineering studies at TVET (FET) Level
  • National Certificates: N1 – N3: Required: Grade 9-12, Maths (M)
  • National N-Diploma: N4 – N6 Certificates: Required: Grade 10 (N3 Certificate), Mathematics (M), Science PS), Recommended: Electrical Technology (ELECT), English (E).
  • National Certificate (Vocational): Electrical Infrastructure Construction – Level 2 – 4: Required: Grade 10 (N3 Certificate), Mathematics (M), Science PS), Recommended: Electrical Technology (ELECT), English (E)



(Example: University of the Western Cape)

Students can start at University of Technology Level

  • Civil & Marine: Required: E4, M4, PS4
  • Electrical: Required: E4, M4, and either PS4 or ELECT4. Recommended: IT4, or CAT4
  • Industrial & Mechanical: Required: E4, M4, Ps4. Recommended: Mecht3
  • Mechatronics: Required: E4, M4, Ps4. Recommended: One of the following: Elect3, IT4, Mecht3: 



(Example: University of Johannesburg)

Students can start at University Level – Degrees

Civil, Electrical, Mechanical Engineering:

  • Required: APS: 32
  • English 5 (60%+)
  • Add Language 4 (50%+)
  • Maths 5 (60%+)
  • LO 5 (60%+)
  • Physical Science 5 (60%+) 
  • Add subject 5 (60%+), Add subject 5 (60%+)



  • EVERY tertiary institution has different requirements
  • Please read this article on our website



  • CLICK HERE to check for a training institution near you to see what they offer.
  1. Select the institution of your choice: University, University of Technology, FET etc.
  2. Select your province of choice 
  3. Click on the institution on the right 
  4. Copy the url (the part that starts with http:) and paste into your browser 
  5. Read the requirements carefully 
  6. Read and follow the application process perfectly
  • Make sure you understand their entry requirements for each course.
  • To avoid scams, make sure your institution is registered with the Department of Higher Education. CLICK HERE to check accredited Private Higher Education Institutions.