Youtube clip – All about Gynaecological & Obgyn careers

For training options in South Africa – scroll down


What is a Gynaecologist?

Gynaecology is the branch of medicine dealing with the science of the physiological functions and diseases of women and young girls, especially those diseases and physiological functions that affect the reproductive system and the urogential system.

Gynaecologists diagnose, treat, manage, and work towards preventing conditions and diseases of the female reproductive system (such as menstrual disorders, menopause, sex hormone disturbances, infertility and contraception). 

A Gynaecologist also tests for cancer in the uterine wall, the ovaries and cervix, which are the most common cancer sites in the female reproductive system. Two routine screening examinations, cervical smear tests (or Pap smears) and pelvic examinations, may detect gynaecological cancer – or conditions that may lead to it – long before the patient notices anything wrong.

A Gynaecologist also works as an Obstetrician (specialist in childbirth and midwifery).  They also educate people about gynaecology and obstetrics and may carry out important research in their field.

What does a Gynaecologist do?

  • meets with the patient and makes them feel at ease
  • perform routine checks like Pap Smears
  • uses high tech equipment
  • monitors disease/s
  • monitors pregnancies
  • does routine checks
  • assists couples who are struggling to fall pregnant
  • advices on birth control
  • performs operations
  • delivers babies
  • keeps up to date records

Are you . . . ?

  • intelligent?
  • a doctor already?
  • caring?
  • interested in reproduction and womens’ diseases?
  • a good communicator?
  • a perfectionist?
  • organised?

How do I become a Gynaecologist?

Specialist medicine studies can following study route:

  • You will need to qualify as a Medical Doctor first: CLICK HERE
  • Post-graduate specialisation: additional 3 – 5 years depending on personal progress
  • Sub-specialisation: additional 2 years

Specialisation can take place at some universities.


  • CLICK HERE to check for a training institution near you to see what they offer.
  • Make sure you understand their entry requirements for each course.
  • To avoid scams, make sure your institution is registered with the Department of Higher Education. CLICK HERE to check accredited Private Higher Education Institutions. 


OTHER CAREERS TO CONSIDER: Biomedical Engineer or Paediatrician

Is becoming a Gynaecologist the right career choice for me?